Jumat, 28 Januari 2011

Iceland Economy 2010


Iceland's Scandinavian-type social-market economy combines a capitalist structure and free-market principles with an extensive welfare system. Prior to the 2008 crisis, Iceland had achieved high growth, low unemployment, and a remarkably even distribution of income. The economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 40% of export earnings, more than 12% of GDP, and employs 7% of the work force. It remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations in world prices for its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Iceland's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, with new developments in software production, biotechnology, and tourism. Abundant geothermal sources have attracted substantial foreign investment in the aluminum and hydropower sectors and boosted economic growth, although the financial crisis has put several investment projects on hold. Much of Iceland's economic growth in recent years came as the result of a boom in domestic demand following the rapid expansion of the country's financial sector. Domestic banks expanded aggressively in foreign markets, and consumers and businesses borrowed heavily in foreign-currency loans, following the privatization of the sector in the early 2000s. Worsening global financial conditions throughout 2008 resulted in a sharp depreciation of the krona vis-a-vis other major currencies. The foreign exposure of Icelandic banks, whose loans and other assets totaled more than 10 times the country's GDP, became unsustainable. Iceland's three largest banks collapsed in late 2008. The country secured over $10 billion in loans from the IMF and other countries to stabilize its currency and financial sector, and to back government guarantees for foreign deposits in Icelandic banks. GDP fell 6.3% in 2009, and unemployment rose to 8.8%. GDP growth is expected to be near zero in 2010 and unemployment likely to surpass 10%. Since the collapse of Iceland's financial sector, government economic priorities include stabilizing the krona, reducing its high budget deficit, containing inflation, restructuring the financial sector, and diversifying the economy. The collapse of the financial system initially led to a major shift in opinion in favor of joining the EU and adopting the euro, although support has dropped substantially because of concern about losing control of their fishing resources and reaction to measures taken by EU partners following the financial crisis.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$12.2 billion (2009 est.)
$13.02 billion (2008 est.)
$12.85 billion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars
[see also: GDP (purchasing power parity) country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$11.78 billion (2009 est.)
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]


GDP - real growth rate:
-6.3% (2009 est.)

1.3% (2008 est.)
5.5% (2007 est.)
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$39,800 (2009 est.)

$42,800 (2008 est.)
$42,600 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 5.2%
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 24%
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - industry country ranks ]
services: 70.8% (2009 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - services country ranks ]


Labor force:
189,000 (2009 est.)
[see also: Labor force country ranks ]


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 3%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 19%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - industry country ranks ]
services: 78% (2007)
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - services country ranks ]


Unemployment rate:
8.8% (2009 est.)

1.642% (2008 est.)
note: this figure climbed to 9.4% as of February 2009
[see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ]

Population below poverty line:
NA%
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% country ranks ]
highest 10%: NA%
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - highest 10% country ranks ]


Distribution of family income - Gini index:
25 (2005)
[see also: Distribution of family income - Gini index country ranks ]



Investment (gross fixed):
18.6% of GDP (2009 est.)
[see also: Investment (gross fixed) country ranks ]


Budget:
revenues: $3.879 billion
[see also: Budget - revenues country ranks ]
expenditures: $5.488 billion (2009 est.)
[see also: Budget - expenditures country ranks ]


Public debt:
100.6% of GDP (2009 est.)

56.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
[see also: Public debt country ranks ]


Inflation rate (consumer prices):
12% (2009 est.)

12.7% (2008 est.)
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Central bank discount rate:
22% (31 December 2008)

15.25% (31 December 2007)
[see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ]

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
NA% (31 December 2008)

19.29% (31 December 2007)
[see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ]

Stock of money:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$6.64 billion (31 December 2007)
[see also: Stock of money country ranks ]

Stock of quasi money:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$15.05 billion (31 December 2006)
[see also: Stock of quasi money country ranks ]

Stock of domestic credit:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$49.67 billion (31 December 2006)
[see also: Stock of domestic credit country ranks ]

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$40.56 billion (31 December 2007)
$36.1 billion (31 December 2006)
[see also: Market value of publicly traded shares country ranks ]

Agriculture - products:
potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, dairy products; fish


Industries:
fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, tourism


Industrial production growth rate:
-10% (2009 est.)
[see also: Industrial production growth rate country ranks ]


Electricity - production:
11.71 billion kWh (2007 est.)
[see also: Electricity - production country ranks ]


Electricity - consumption:
11.22 billion kWh (2007 est.)
[see also: Electricity - consumption country ranks ]


Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - exports country ranks ]


Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - imports country ranks ]


Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - production country ranks ]


Oil - consumption:
19,880 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - consumption country ranks ]


Oil - exports:
2,975 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - exports country ranks ]


Oil - imports:
17,510 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - imports country ranks ]


Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
[see also: Oil - proved reserves country ranks ]


Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - production country ranks ]


Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - consumption country ranks ]


Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - exports country ranks ]


Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - imports country ranks ]


Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - proved reserves country ranks ]


Current account balance:
$-1.03 billion (2009 est.)

$-6.606 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Current account balance country ranks ]

Exports:
$4.218 billion (2009 est.)

$5.399 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Exports country ranks ]

Exports - commodities:
fish and fish products 70%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite


Exports - partners:
Netherlands 33.8%, UK 11.7%, Germany 11.5%, US 5.8%, Japan 4.9%, Norway 4.1% (2008)


Imports:
$2.826 billion (2009 est.)

$5.699 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Imports country ranks ]

Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles


Imports - partners:
Norway 10.9%, Germany 10.4%, Sweden 9%, US 8%, Denmark 7.4%, China 6.8%, Netherlands 6%, UK 4.4%, Japan 4% (2008)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$2.541 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

$2.5 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ]

Debt - external:
$3.073 billion (2002 est.)
[see also: Debt - external country ranks ]


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$NA
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ]


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$NA
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ]


Exchange rates:
Icelandic kronur (ISK) per US dollar - 128.417 (2009), 85.619 (2008), 63.391 (2007), 70.195 (2006), 62.982 (2005) 


SOURCE : www.theodora.com 
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Australia Economy 2010

          Australia has an enviable, strong economy with a per capita GDP on par with the four dominant West European economies. Emphasis on reforms, low inflation, a housing market boom, and growing ties with China were key factors over the course of a 17-year economic expansion that ended with the recent global financial crisis. Business and consumer confidence and high export prices for raw materials and agricultural products fueled the economy to the point of overheating in recent years, particularly in mining states. Drought, robust import demand, and a strong currency pushed the trade deficit up, while infrastructure bottlenecks and a tight labor market constrained growth in export volumes and stoked inflation through mid-2008. The economy fared relatively well during the global financial crisis, narrowly avoiding a technical recession because of monetary and fiscal stimulus, buoyant export demand and investment from China, and the strong health of Australia's banking sector. Australia became the first G20 country to tighten monetary policy after the crisis when the central bank raised its key rate in October 2009. In 2010, the government will focus on raising Australia's economic productivity, managing the symbiotic, but sometimes tense, economic relationship with China, passing emissions trading legislation, and dealing with other climate-related issues such as drought and devastating bushfires. 

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$819 billion (2009 est.)

$812.5 billion (2008 est.)
$793.4 billion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars
[see also: GDP (purchasing power parity) country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$920 billion (2009 est.)
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]


GDP - real growth rate:
0.8% (2009 est.)

2.4% (2008 est.)
4% (2007 est.)
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$38,500 (2009 est.)

$38,700 (2008 est.)
$38,200 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 3.8%
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 24.9%
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - industry country ranks ]
services: 71.3% (2009 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - services country ranks ]


Labor force:
11.44 million (2009 est.)
[see also: Labor force country ranks ]


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 3.6%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 21.1%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - industry country ranks ]
services: 75% (2005 est.)
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - services country ranks ]


Unemployment rate:
5.7% (2009 est.)

4.242% (2008 est.)
[see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ]

Population below poverty line:
NA%
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2%
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% country ranks ]
highest 10%: 25.4% (1994)
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - highest 10% country ranks ]


Distribution of family income - Gini index:
30.5 (2006)

35.2 (1994)
[see also: Distribution of family income - Gini index country ranks ]

Investment (gross fixed):
27.3% of GDP (2009 est.)
[see also: Investment (gross fixed) country ranks ]


Budget:
revenues: $323.6 billion
[see also: Budget - revenues country ranks ]
expenditures: $358.4 billion (2009 est.)
[see also: Budget - expenditures country ranks ]


Public debt:
18.6% of GDP (2009 est.)

14.7% of GDP (2008 est.)
note: the Commonwealth government eliminated its net debt in 2006, but continues a gross debt issue to support the market for risk-free securities
[see also: Public debt country ranks ]

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.9% (2009 est.)

4.4% (2008 est.)
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Central bank discount rate:
3.75% (2 December 2009)

4.25% (3 December 2008)
note: this is the Reserve Bank of Australia's "cash rate target," or policy rate
[see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ]

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
8.91% (31 December 2008)

10.02% (31 December 2007)
[see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ]

Stock of money:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$298.5 billion (31 December 2007)
[see also: Stock of money country ranks ]

Stock of quasi money:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$667.2 billion (31 December 2007)
[see also: Stock of quasi money country ranks ]

Stock of domestic credit:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$1.312 trillion (31 December 2007)
[see also: Stock of domestic credit country ranks ]

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA (31 December 2008)

$1.298 trillion (31 December 2007)
$1.096 trillion (31 December 2006)
[see also: Market value of publicly traded shares country ranks ]

Agriculture - products:
wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits, cattle, sheep, poultry


Industries:
mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel


Industrial production growth rate:
-5.8% (2009 est.)
[see also: Industrial production growth rate country ranks ]


Electricity - production:
239.9 billion kWh (2007 est.)
[see also: Electricity - production country ranks ]


Electricity - consumption:
222 billion kWh (2007 est.)
[see also: Electricity - consumption country ranks ]

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - exports country ranks ]


Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - imports country ranks ]


Oil - production:
586,400 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - production country ranks ]


Oil - consumption:
953,700 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - consumption country ranks ]


Oil - exports:
332,400 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - exports country ranks ]


Oil - imports:
687,200 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - imports country ranks ]


Oil - proved reserves:
1.5 billion bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
[see also: Oil - proved reserves country ranks ]


Natural gas - production:
45.22 billion cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - production country ranks ]


Natural gas - consumption:
34.2 billion cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - consumption country ranks ]


Natural gas - exports:
19.48 billion cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - exports country ranks ]


Natural gas - imports:
5.377 billion cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - imports country ranks ]


Natural gas - proved reserves:
849.5 billion cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - proved reserves country ranks ]


Current account balance:
$-33.31 billion (2009 est.)

$-44.04 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Current account balance country ranks ]

Exports:
$161.5 billion (2009 est.)

$189.9 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Exports country ranks ]

Exports - commodities:
coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, wheat, machinery and transport equipment


Exports - partners:
Japan 22.2%, China 14.6%, South Korea 8.2%, India 6.1%, US 5.5%, NZ 4.3%, UK 4.2% (2008)


Imports:
$160.9 billion (2009 est.)

$194.2 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Imports country ranks ]

Imports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products


Imports - partners:
China 15.4%, US 12%, Japan 9.1%, Singapore 7%, Germany 5%, Thailand 4.5%, UK 4.3%, Malaysia 4.1% (2008)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$44.98 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

$32.92 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ]

Debt - external:
$920 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

$799.8 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Debt - external country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$282.3 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

$366.5 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$209.4 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

$197.2 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ]

Exchange rates:
Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar - 1.2894 (2009), 1.2059 (2008), 1.2137 (2007), 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005) 


SOURCE : www.theodora.com 

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Economy of Norway 2010

    
          The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through large-scale state-majority-owned enterprises. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on the petroleum sector, which accounts for nearly half of exports and over 30% of state revenue. Norway is the world's third-largest gas exporter; its position as an oil exporter has slipped to seventh-largest as production has begun to decline. Norway opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994; nonetheless, as a member of the European Economic Area, it contributes sizably to the EU budget. In anticipation of eventual declines in oil and gas production, Norway saves almost all state revenue from the petroleum sector in a sovereign wealth fund. After lackluster growth of less than 1.5% in 2002-03, GDP growth picked up to 2.5-6.2% in 2004-07, partly due to higher oil prices. Growth fell to 2.5% in 2008, and the economy contracted by 1.1% in 2009 as a result of the slowing world economy and the drop in oil prices.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$276.5 billion (2009 est.)

$279.6 billion (2008 est.)
$272.8 billion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars
[see also: GDP (purchasing power parity) country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$369 billion (2009 est.)
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]


GDP - real growth rate:
-1.1% (2009 est.)

2.5% (2008 est.)
6.2% (2007 est.)
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$59,300 (2009 est.)

$60,200 (2008 est.)
$58,900 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 2.2%
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 45.1%
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - industry country ranks ]
services: 52.7% (2009 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition by sector - services country ranks ]


Labor force:
2.6 million (2009 est.)
[see also: Labor force country ranks ]


Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 2.9%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 21.1%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - industry country ranks ]
services: 76% (2008)
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - services country ranks ]


Unemployment rate:
3.2% (2009 est.)

2.6% (2008 est.)
[see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ]

Population below poverty line:
NA%
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]


Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3.9%
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% country ranks ]
highest 10%: 23.4% (2000)
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - highest 10% country ranks ]


Distribution of family income - Gini index:
25 (2008)

25.8 (1995)
[see also: Distribution of family income - Gini index country ranks ]

Investment (gross fixed):
20.5% of GDP (2009 est.)
[see also: Investment (gross fixed) country ranks ]


Budget:
revenues: $206.9 billion
[see also: Budget - revenues country ranks ]
expenditures: $169 billion (2009 est.)
[see also: Budget - expenditures country ranks ]


Public debt:
60.2% of GDP (2009 est.)

55.7% of GDP (2008 est.)
[see also: Public debt country ranks ]

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.3% (2009 est.)

3.8% (2008 est.)
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Central bank discount rate:
4% (31 December 2008)

6.25% (31 December 2007)
[see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ]

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
7.28% (31 December 2008)

3.5% (1st quarter 2009)
[see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ]

Stock of money:
$NA
[see also: Stock of money country ranks ]


Stock of quasi money:
$NA
[see also: Stock of quasi money country ranks ]


Stock of domestic credit:
$NA
[see also: Stock of domestic credit country ranks ]


Market value of publicly traded shares:
$142.5 billion (31 December 2008)

$357.4 billion (31 December 2007)
$281.1 billion (31 December 2006)
[see also: Market value of publicly traded shares country ranks ]

Agriculture - products:
barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish


Industries:
petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing


Industrial production growth rate:
-1.5% (2009 est.)
[see also: Industrial production growth rate country ranks ]


Electricity - production:
142.7 billion kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - production country ranks ]


Electricity - consumption:
128.8 billion kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - consumption country ranks ]


Electricity - exports:
17.29 billion kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - exports country ranks ]


Electricity - imports:
3.414 billion kWh (2008 est.)
[see also: Electricity - imports country ranks ]


Oil - production:
2.466 million bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - production country ranks ]


Oil - consumption:
220,200 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - consumption country ranks ]


Oil - exports:
2.383 million bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - exports country ranks ]


Oil - imports:
104,400 bbl/day (2008 est.)
[see also: Oil - imports country ranks ]


Oil - proved reserves:
6.68 billion bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
[see also: Oil - proved reserves country ranks ]


Natural gas - production:
99.2 billion cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - production country ranks ]


Natural gas - consumption:
3.97 billion cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - consumption country ranks ]

 
Natural gas - exports:
95.23 billion cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - exports country ranks ]


Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - imports country ranks ]


Natural gas - proved reserves:
2.313 trillion cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
[see also: Natural gas - proved reserves country ranks ]


Current account balance:
$58.56 billion (2009 est.)

$88.34 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Current account balance country ranks ]

Exports:
$122 billion (2009 est.)

$173.6 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Exports country ranks ]

Exports - commodities:
petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish


Exports - partners:
UK 27%, Germany 12.8%, Netherlands 10.4%, France 9.4%, Sweden 6.5%, US 4.5% (2008)


Imports:
$64.5 billion (2009 est.)

$85.95 billion (2008 est.)
[see also: Imports country ranks ]

Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs


Imports - partners:
Sweden 14.4%, Germany 13.4%, Denmark 6.9%, China 6.4%, UK 5.9%, US 5.4%, Netherlands 4.2% (2008)


 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$NA (31 December 2009 est.)

$50.95 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ]

Debt - external:
$548.1 billion (30 June 2009 est.)

$475.9 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
note: Norway is a net external creditor
[see also: Debt - external country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$93.88 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

$91.49 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$179.5 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

$160.1 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ]

Exchange rates:
Norwegian kroner (NOK) per US dollar - 6.3988 (2009), 5.6361 (2008), 5.86 (2007), 6.418 (2006), 6.445 (2005)

SOURCE : www.theodora.com
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Selasa, 25 Januari 2011

World Top Ten Agriculture and Food Processing Countries I

1.World Top Ten Walnut Producing Countries


World Top Ten Walnut Producing Countries

Country Production(2001)(Tonnes)
USA 276,690
China 252,347
Iran 168,031
Turkey 116,000
Ukraine 55,130
Romania 33,942
India 31,000
France 29,176
Yugoslavia 23,600
Greece 21,927


2.World Top Ten Countries With Most Fruits Production


World Top Ten Countries With Most Fruits Production

Country Production (2001) (Tonnes)
China 68,738,224
India 48,570,920
Brazil 31,795,266
USA 30,100,045
Italy 18,274,570
Spain 14,920,852
Mexico 14,217,004
Iran 11,768,628
Philippines 11,122,028
France 11,037,748

 3.World Top Ten Grape Producing countries

World Top Ten Grape Producing countries

Country Production(2001)(Tonnes)
Italy 8,988,388
France 7,281,550
USA 5,944,350
Spain 5,111,300
China 3,765,017
Turkey 3,250,000
Iran 2,516,695
Argentina 2,457,599
Chile 1,570,000
Australia 1,551,000


  4.World Top Ten Date Producing Countries


World Top Ten Date Producing Countries

Country Production(2001)(Tonnes)
Egypt 1,113,270
Iran 874,985
UAE 757600
Saudi Arabia 735,000
Iraq 650,000
Pakistan 631,695
Algeria 370,000
Oman 248,458
Sudan 177,000
Libya 132,500

5. World Top 10 - Wine Producer Countries

World Top 10 - Wine Producer Countries

Country Production (1999)(litres)
France 6,093,500,000
Italy 5,811,000,000
Spain 3,680,200,000
USA 2,069,100,000
Argentina 1,588,800,000
Germany 1,224,400,000
Australia 851,100,000
South Africa 796,800,000
Portugal 780,600,000
Romania 650,400,000

 6.World Top 10 - Carbonated Soft Drink Consumer Countries

World Top 10 - Carbonated Soft Drink Consumer Countries

Country Comsumption Per Capita (2000)(litres)
USA 161.8
Mexico 114.2
Norway 102.0
Canada 85.6
Australia 82.3
Belgium 79.8
Chile 79.5
Argentina 72.8
UK 72.7
Saudi Arabia 72.2

 


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Minggu, 23 Januari 2011

Winners List of the Ballon d'Or / FIFA best player - 2010

            The "Ballon d'Or", referred to as the European Footballer of the Year award, was an annual association football award. It was presented to the player who had been considered to have performed the best over the previous calendar year. The award was conceived by France Football's chief magazine writer Gabriel Hanot, who asked his colleagues to vote for the player of the year in Europe in 1956. The inaugural winner was Stanley Matthews of Blackpool

          Originally, journalists could only vote for European players at European clubs, meaning that players like Diego Maradona and Pelé were ineligible for the award. In 1995, there was a change in the rules to allow non-European players to be eligible for the award if they played for a European club. The first non-European to win after the rule change was Milan's George Weah in the same year. As a result, the number of journalists allowed to vote also increased, 96 journalists from around the world chose their top five players, as opposed to the 52 Europe based journalists in 2006.
           Three players have won the award three times each: Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini, and Marco van Basten. Platini is the only player to have won the award three times in a row; he won the award from 1983 to 1985. Ronaldo became the first Brazilian to win the award in 1997, after non-Europeans were made eligible. With seven awards each, Dutch and German players have won the Ballon d'Or the most.

1956 - Stanley Matthews (Nationality :  England - Club : England Blackpool )

1957 - Alfredo Di Stefano ( Nationality :  England- Club :England Wolverhampton Wanderers )
 1958 - Raymond Kopa ( Nationality :  France- Club : Spain Real Madrid )

1959 - Alfredo Di Stefano ( Nationality : Spain - Club : Spain Real Madrid )
 
1960 - Luis Suarez ( Nationality : Spain - Club : Spain Barcelona )

 1961 - Omar Sivori ( Nationality : Italy - Club :Italy Juventus )
1962 - Josef Masopust ( Nationality : Czechoslovakia - Club : Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague )

1963 - Lev Yashin ( Nationality : Soviet Union - Club : Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow )

1964 - Denis Law ( Nationality :  Scotland - Club : England Manchester United )

1965 - Eusebio  ( Nationality : Portugal - Club : Portugal Benfica )

1966 - Bobby Charlton  ( Nationality :  England - Club : England Manchester United )

1967 - Florian Albert ( Nationality :  Hungary - Club : Hungary Ferencváros )

1968 - George Best ( Nationality :  Northern Ireland- Club : England Manchester United )

1969 - Gianni Rivera ( Nationality :  Italy- Club : Italy Milan )

1970 - Gerd Muller ( Nationality :  West Germany- Club : West Germany Bayern Munich )

1971 - Johan Cruyff  ( Nationality :  Netherlands- Club : Netherlands Ajax )

1972 - Franz Beckenbauer ( Nationality :  West Germany- Club : West Germany Bayern Munich )

1973 - Johan Cruyff ( Nationality : Netherlands - Club : Spain Barcelona)

1974 - Johan Cruyff ( Nationality : Netherlands - Club : Spain Barcelona )
1975 - Oleg Blokhin ( Nationality :  Soviet Union- Club : Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv )

1976 - Franz Beckenbauer ( Nationality :  West Germany- Club : West Germany Bayern Munich )

1977 - Alan Simonsen ( Nationality :  Denmark- Club :Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach )

1978 - Kevin Keegan  ( Nationality :  England- Club :Germany Hamburg )

1979 - Kevin Keegan ( Nationality : England - Club: Germany Hamburg )

1980 - Karl-Heinz Rummenigge ( Nationality :  West Germany - Club : West Germany Bayern Munich )

 1981 - Karl-Heinz Rummenigge ( Nationality :  West Germany- Club : West Germany Bayern Munich )

1982 - Paolo Rossi ( Nationality :  Italy- Club : Italy Juventus )

1983 - Michel Platini ( Nationality :  France- Club : Italy Juventus )

1984 - Michel Platini ( Nationality :  France - Club : Italy Juventus )

1985 - Michel Platini ( Nationality :  France- Club :Italy Juventus )

1986 - Igor Belanov ( Nationality : Soviet Union - Club : Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv )

1987 - Ruud Gullit ( Nationality :  Netherlands- Club : Italy Milan )

1988 - Marco Van Basten ( Nationality :  Netherlands- Club : Italy Milan )

1989 - Marco Van Basten ( Nationality :  Netherlands- Club : Italy Milan )

1990 - Lothar Matthaus ( Nationality :  Germany - Club : Italy Internazionale )

1991 - Jean-Pierre Papin ( Nationality :  France- Club : France Marseille )

1992 - Marco Van Basten ( Nationality :  Netherlands- Club : Italy Milan )

1993 - Roberto Baggio ( Nationality :  Italy- Club : Italy Juventus )

1994 - Hristo Stoichkov ( Nationality : Bulgaria - Club : Spain Barcelona )

 1995 - George Weah ( Nationality :  Liberia- Club :Italy Milan )
1996 - Matthias Sammer ( Nationality : Germany - Club : Germany Borussia Dortmund )

1997 - Ronaldo ( Nationality :  Brazil- Club :Italy Internazionale )

1998 - Zinedine Zidane ( Nationality : France - Club :Italy Juventus )

1999 - Rivaldo ( Nationality :  Brazil- Club : Spain Barcelona )

2000 - Zinedine Zidane ( Nationality : France -Club : Spain Real Madrid )

2001 - Michael Owen ( Nationality : England - Club : England Liverpool )

2002 - Ronaldo ( Nationality : Brazil - Club : Spain Real Madrid )


2003 - Zinedine Zidane ( Nationality : France -Club : Spain Real Madrid )

2004 - Ronaldinho ( Nationality :  Brazil- Club : Spain Barcelona )

2005 - Ronaldinho ( Nationality :  Brazil- Club : Spain Barcelona )

2006 - Fabio Cannavaro ( Nationality : Italy - Club : Italy Juventus)

2007 - Kaka ( Nationality :  Brazil- Club : Italy Milan )

2008 - Cristiano Ronaldo ( Nationality :  Portugal - Club : England Manchester United )

2009- Lionel Messi ( Nationality :  Argentina- Club : Spain Barcelona )

2010-Lionel Messi ( Nationality :  Argentina- Club : Spain Barcelona )




























































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